Hokkien is the largest dialect group in Singapore, spoken by roughly 40% of the Chinese population. This dialect is also spoken in Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Hokkien dialect comes from the Minnan region in the south-eastern part of the Fujian province in China and is a part of the Min Chinese dialect group. That is why, to refer to Hokkien dialect in Chinese, we use the term 闽南话 (Pīnyīn: Mǐnnán huà) that literally means Minnan language.
When they first came to Singapore, Hokkien immigrants are known to settle around Amoy Street, Telok Ayer Street, and Singapore River. Later, they expanded around the area of China Street and Hokkien Street. Most Hokkiens worked in various industries including shipping, banking, finance, insurance, building and construction, as well as the manufacturing industry. They were also involved in trade, particularly spice trade. Aside from that, they also trade several commodities such as coffee, rubber, flour, fodder, Chinese tea, hardware, building materials, textiles, tropical fruit, and rice.